The word “cross” originated from the Latin word “crux”. Back to the Roman time, crux was a Roman torture device actually. At this point, you might have got the hang of all the relation between cross, crux, and Christian. So around the 10th century, “cross” was introduced into English as the term for the cruxification instrument of Jesus Christ. The earlier word was “rood” which fell into oblivion. As time passes by, there are many and many types of Christian crosses coming into being. Here is the basic guide to the Christian Crosses.
The Latin Cross
The Latin cross might be the most common one. It is the Crux Immissa. This type of cross had a vertical beam or stripe sticking above the crossbeam. Many people also call it as “Crux Capitata” which means “the Cross with a head”.
In Christianity, this type of cross reminds us of Jesus’s cruxification. On this instrument, Jesus died for the sins of the human beings as he loved the sinners so much that he wanted to sacrificed himself.
Actually, this cross was not widely accepted in the beginning. Because for the Christians, the cross reminded them of how the Savior was slain. Only until the 4th century that the cross became more popular.
The Greek Cross
Greek Cross or Crux Immissa Quadrata or Cross of the Earth is quite similar to the Latin Cross. The only difference is that the Greek Cross has four arms with the same length. Many Christians see this Greek Cross as the sign of God.
The Tau Cross
The Tau cross is a kind of T-shaped cross. Three ends of the cross all have the expansions. People named it Tau cross because it looks like the Tau greek letter. Another name for this kind of cross was “St Anthony’s Cross” with the association with Saint Anthony of Egypt.