It was the summer of 1987 that the archaeologists discovered the ancient Arkaim which is now honored as the Russian Stonehenge.
The archaeologists believed that the construction dated back to two or three thousands of years BC. “Arkaim” is a compound word of “arka” meaning sky and “im” meaning earth. The site consists of two circular walls surrounded with defensive walls and moat. Inside the walls could have been located with buildings and houses.
A town could have lived inside the ancient Arkaim. The town had four gates to four cardinal points. About 35 houses were next to the outer circular ring. Remains of the town appeared there such as the metallic objects, pottery, and ritualistic remains. The archaeologists also found out many tombs there. It seemed that the ancient people designed the town with dedication not just random placement. This type of building was common in the ancient history. In Denmark, the archaeologists have found 7 trelleborgs (Viking name for ring-shaped fort). Although the ancient Arkaim couldn’t compare the trelleborgs in terms of geographic precision, it was much more complicated than the Vikings.
The archaeologists guessed people had inhabited the site for circa 200 years and than abandoned it for unknown reasons.
Regarding the inhabitants of the Russian Stonehenge, it remains a debate. Yet, the majority of scholars believed that it was the ancient Indo-European civilization that dominated the site.