High chance is that we all know the Great Wall of China. The one who according to the historians built the Great Wall was Qin Shi Huangdi the first emperor of unified China. Qin Shi Huangdi ordered to build his tomb when knowing there was no magical pills prolonging his life. The protectors of his tomb were the Terracotta Army, up to 8000 life-size warriors.
The excavation of the Terracotta Army
In 1974, the Chinese archaeologists happened to find out the Terracotta Army in Xi’an, China. All warriors rest in the greatest mausoleum of the world. Archaeologists and scholars came into the belief that these warriors were to protect the tomb of the first emperor of China. The rank was clear by the position of each warrior in the army. To realize this, the archaeologists learnt the characteristic traits of each rank. They also unearthed the weapons, horses, and some other warfare subjects.
Qin Shi Huang (秦始皇) whose name means the first emperor of Qin founded the Qin Dynasty after unifying warring states into his country. Though the historical texts described Qin Shi Huang quite complicated as an evil emperor and military genius as well. But no one could ever deny the achievements of Qin Shi Huangdi during his reign. He unified China as one nation, reinforcing the Chinese laws, reconstructing the political division, standardizing the Chinese scripts, building the Great Wall, and leaving many legacy for the later generation.
The tomb of Qin Shi Huangdi
Qin Shi Huang’s Tomb imitated exactly what his kingdom was like. It took nearly 37 years to construct the tomb and cost up to 720,000 lives to build it. The reason why Qin Shi Huangdi copied his kingdom into his tomb was that he wanted to rule his kingdom in his afterlife. Failing to achieve the magical pills for eternity, Qin Shi Huangdi showed his ambition in his tomb. Some Chinese wooden slips revealed the pursuit of eternity of Qin Shi Huangdi.
No tomb in the world can surpass the level of luxury and complexity of the Qin Shi Huang’s tomb and the Terracotta Army. The archaeologists found out that the emperor placed poisonous arrows, mercury, and other traps inside the tomb to rid of any intruders.
The mystery about the tomb and the Terracotta Army remains to be seen in the future.
Also, hardly do we know anything about the Terracotta Army. Because all of the builders were killed after their finishing the work.
Why Qin Shi Huangdi built the Terracotta Army and his tomb?
Firstly, Qin Shi Huangdi built the clay warriors to safeguard his tomb and to serve him in his afterlife. Qin Shi Huangdi desired to continue ruling his nation in his afterlife. So he needed the army of his.
Secondly, it was representative of the emperor’s glory. No matter what the historians might depict Qin Shi Huang, he was among the greatest Chinese emperor and great military genius of all time. By unifying the warring states, Qin Shi Huang deserved his glory.
Lastly, Terracotta Army was actually the substitutes for human sacrifice.